Till startsida
University of Gothenburg
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Adaptive function in children with ADHD, before and after pharmacological treatment. A brief report.

Participants: Ida Lindblad, Salmir Nasic, Magnus Landgren, Leif Svensson, Christopher Gillberg & Elisabeth Fernell.

Aim: The aim of the study was to compare adaptive abilities in schoolchildren with ADHD before and after pharmacological treatment. The study group had in a previous study been compared to a group of schoolchildren with mild intellectual disability with regard to adaptive functioning.

Method: Teacher ratings of the child’s adaptive skills, using the Adaptive Behavior Assessment Scales-II (ABAS-II), were compared between the time of the child´s referral from the school health unit– due to a suspicion of ADHD – and after a period of four to five years during which the child received pharmacological treatment for ADHD.

Results: Of the initial group of 27 children with ADHD, 12 (7 boys, 5 girls) had continued pharmacological treatment and could be evaluated. The remaining had either turned 18 years (n=9), finished pharmacological treatment (n=5) or declined participation (n=1). The teachers’ ABAS-II ratings revealed that on a group level the domains Conceptual, Practical and General Adaptive Composite had increased significantly between baseline and follow-up. There was an individual variation; the majority increased from an adaptive level far below average to average and a few children displayed no major changes.

Conclusion: There are few studies targeting adaptive functions as an outcome measure of pharmacological treatment in ADHD. The study, although including a small number of participants suggests a positive effect on outcome according to adaptive functioning. One limitation of the study is its small sample sie.

 

 


 

Page Manager: Anna Spyrou|Last update: 4/4/2016
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